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10 Tips for Limiting Marine Livestock Losses

10 Tips for Limiting Marine Livestock Losses

Distilled down to its essence, success in the marine aquarium hobby is about keeping fish and invertebrates alive and thriving. And while it may sometimes seem as though fate plays a major role in how animals fare under our care, several decades of aquarium-keeping experience (and more than a few missteps) have taught me that it’s largely in hobbyists’ power to avoid livestock … [Read More...]

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Modern elasmobranch husbandry - filtration

Elasmobranch Enthusiasts (Part 3): Modern Husbandry – Filtration

From the ferocious great white shark (Carcharodon carcharias) to the graceful white-spotted eagle ray (Aetobatus narinari), Elasmobranchii are a diverse group of … [Read More...]

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Reef Chemistry - Calcium and Alkalinity

Techniques for Maintaining Calcium and Alkalinity in Reef Tanks

Calcium and alkalinity are vitally important chemical parameters in reef aquariums. They are used by stony corals to build their calcium carbonate skeletons. A lack … [Read More...]

Recent Posts

Woah, 3 Years Already. Thank you!

Whoa, 3 Years Already. Thank you!

It seems like just yesterday Jeff and I were scrambling to bring months of work and preparation together for the launch of Saltwater Smarts - and this week we're already celebrating 3 years! Since then we've published more than 475 posts, released two … [Read More...]

Under Water in Okinawa

Under Water in Okinawa

Okinawa, Japan is known for its great diving and lush coral reefs. Going into it, I didn’t know what to expect with this dive. I’ve heard all sorts of cautionary tales about diving in Okinawa due to its strong currents, but I’ve also heard that the quality of … [Read More...]

Salty Q&A: Is a Sump the Same as a Refugium?

Salty Q&A: Is a Sump the Same as a Refugium?

Question What exactly is the difference between a “sump” and a “refugium” (assuming there is a difference)? These are terms I didn’t hear in my 30-plus years as a freshwater aquarist, but I’ve heard them numerous times since starting my first saltwater tank." … [Read More...]

5 Marine Aquarium Setup Missteps

5 Marine Aquarium Setup Missteps

Marine aquarium hobbyists can make any number of mistakes when setting up a new system, but some of these errors aren’t as easy as others to rectify after the fact. What follows is a list of five setup errors that are difficult or complicated to correct by the … [Read More...]

Marine Aquarium Acronyms: PE Defined

Marine Aquarium Acronyms: PE Defined

The marine aquarium hobby is second only to the US military when it comes to the number of acronyms its members throw around. (Quite fittingly, this past Monday was the 27th anniversary of my DOE. Shortly after that date, I entered BMT as an A1C and did lots … [Read More...]